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Compositions

概要

The Twilio Recording Composition API lets you transcode and combine the individual Track Recordings stored by the Twilio Video Recordings API. This API relies on the following REST resources:

  • The Composition Instance Resource: a Composition represents a media file created as a result of applying a set of media processing operations onto a number of source Recordings.
  • The Compositions List Resource represents the list of previously created Compositions.

These REST resources are located beneath of the following base URL:

https://video.twilio.com

ベータ


Twilio Video Recording Compositions are currently available as a BETA product. Some features are not yet implemented and others may be changed before the product is declared as Generally Available. BETA products are not covered by a Twilio SLA. See this article for more information on Beta product support.

目次

URI Schemes

These are the URI schemes for the Recording Composition REST API and the supported methods:

  • /v1/Compositions/
    • GET: List Composition resources.
    • POST: Create new composition resource.
  • /v1/Compositions/{CompositionSid}
    • GET: Retrieve a Composition resource.
    • DELETE: Delete a Composition resource.
  • /v1/Compositions/{CompositionSid}/Media
    • GET: Retrieve a Composition media file sub-resource.

Composition Instance Resource

リソースURI

/v1/Compositions/{CompositionSid}

リソースのプロパティ

A Composition Instance Resource has the following properties

Names in PHP format
accountSid
sid<AC> Not PII

The SID of the Account that created the Composition resource.

status
enum:status Not PII

The status of the composition. Can be: enqueued, processing, completed, deleted or failed. enqueued is the initial state and indicates that the composition request has been received and is scheduled for processing; processing indicates the composition is being processed; completed indicates the composition has been completed and is available for download; deleted means the composition media has been deleted from the system, but its metadata is still available for 30 days; failed indicates the composition failed to execute the media processing task.

dateCreated
date_time<iso8601> Not PII

The date and time in GMT when the resource was created specified in ISO 8601 format.

dateCompleted
date_time<iso8601>? Not PII

The date and time in GMT when the composition's media processing task finished, specified in ISO 8601 format.

dateDeleted
date_time<iso8601>? Not PII

The date and time in GMT when the composition generated media was deleted, specified in ISO 8601 format.

sid
sid<CJ> Not PII

The unique string that we created to identify the Composition resource.

roomSid
sid<RM> Not PII

The SID of the Group Room that generated the audio and video tracks used in the composition. All media sources included in a composition must belong to the same Group Room.

audioSources
string[] PII MTL: 30 DAYS

The array of track names to include in the composition. The composition includes all audio sources specified in audio_sources except those specified in audio_sources_excluded. The track names in this property can include an asterisk as a wild card character, which matches zero or more characters in a track name. For example, student* includes tracks named student as well as studentTeam.

audioSourcesExcluded
string[] PII MTL: 30 DAYS

The array of track names to exclude from the composition. The composition includes all audio sources specified in audio_sources except for those specified in audio_sources_excluded. The track names in this property can include an asterisk as a wild card character, which matches zero or more characters in a track name. For example, student* excludes student as well as studentTeam. This parameter can also be empty.

videoLayout
オブジェクト PII MTL: 30 DAYS

An object that describes the video layout of the composition in terms of regions. See Specifying Video Layouts for more info.

resolution
文字列 Not PII

The dimensions of the video image in pixels expressed as columns (width) and rows (height). The string's format is {width}x{height}, such as 640x480.

trim
boolean Not PII

Whether to remove intervals with no media, as specified in the POST request that created the composition. Compositions with trim enabled are shorter when the Room is created and no Participant joins for a while as well as if all the Participants leave the room and join later, because those gaps will be removed. See Specifying Video Layouts for more info.

format
enum:format Not PII

The container format of the composition's media files as specified in the POST request that created the Composition resource. See POST Parameters for more information.

bitrate
integer Not PII

The average bit rate of the composition's media.

size
long Not PII

The size of the composed media file in bytes.

duration
integer Not PII

The duration of the composition's media file in seconds.

url
url Not PII

The absolute URL of the resource.

links
uri_map Not PII

The URL of the media file associated with the composition.

HTTP GET

Returns the single Composition identified by {CompositionSid}.

HTTP POST

サポートされていません。

HTTP DELETE

Deletes the media file associated with the Composition identified by {CompositionSID} and sets the Composition status as deleted. In case the media file was stored in an external S3 bucket this request has no effect on such file. Once a Composition has been deleted, its metadata (i.e. it REST resource record) is kept during 30 days.

Composition Instance Media Sub-Resource

リソースURI

/v1/Compositions/{CompositionSid}/Media

HTTP GET

Retrieves the Composition media file through an HTTP redirection. The format of the provided media file is the one specified in the Format property of the Composition (see table above). By default, the redirection URL is available for 600 seconds, but this can be configured to a value between 1 and 3600 seconds via the Ttl request param. If the composition is not yet available, a 404 is returned.

The HTTP GET request accepts the following parameters

名前 概要
ContentDisposition Optional. Sets the Content-Disposition header of the redirect_to URL. Possible values are attachment or inline. Default value attachment%3B%20filename%3D%22CJxx.xxx%22 (not PII)
Ttl Optional. Duration in seconds for which the redirect_to URL can be used to retrieve the media file. The default Ttl is 600 seconds. The minimum supported Ttl value is 1 second and the maximum supported value is 3600 seconds. (not PII)

Remark that ContentDisposition affects the content disposition of the redirection URL. This parameter behaves as specified in RFC-6266:

  • The value attachment indicates that browsers should prompt the user to store the file locally. In this case, the specification of a filename is mandatory. As shown in the table above, we use this as default and set filename to the Composition SID followed by the format extension. For example, for an MP4 Composition it will take the form CJXXXX.mp4.
  • The value inline indicates default processing based on the media type. Hence, whenever the browser supports the composition format, the file will be played. Otherwise, the file is downloaded. Remark that when inline is used it is strongly recommended to provide a filename for the latter case. When doing so, remember that the ContentDisposition parameter must be URLEncoded. For example:
inline%3B%20filename%3D%22MyFile.mp4%22

HTTP DELETE

サポートされていません。

HTTP POST

サポートされていません。

Compositions List Resource

リソースURI

/v1/Compositions/

HTTP POST

Creates a new Composition Instance Resource and, when appropriate, launches a media processing task. The result of this task is a composed media file that, by default, is stored in Twilio’s cloud.

Developers can create a new Composition as soon as its associated Group Room exists. However, the processing task gets started only when the Room status is Completed. This guarantees that all required recording sources are available.

This HTTP POST always returns a 201 if the request is accepted (i.e. well formed), and a 4xx otherwise depending on the type of error.

Supported POST Parameters

The following table shows all the parameters that can be used when creating a new Composition Instance Resource.

Names in PHP format
roomSid
必須
post sid<RM> Not PII

The SID of the Group Room with the media tracks to be used as composition sources.

videoLayout
オプション
post オブジェクト PII MTL: 30 DAYS

An object that describes the video layout of the composition in terms of regions. See Specifying Video Layouts for more info.

audioSources
オプション
post sid[] PII MTL: 30 DAYS

An array of track names from the same group room to merge into the new composition. Can include zero or more track names. The new composition includes all audio sources specified in audio_sources except for those specified in audio_sources_excluded. The track names in this parameter can include an asterisk as a wild card character, which will match zero or more characters in a track name. For example, student* includes student as well as studentTeam.

audioSourcesExcluded
オプション
post string[] PII MTL: 30 DAYS

An array of track names to exclude. The new composition includes all audio sources specified in audio_sources except for those specified in audio_sources_excluded. The track names in this parameter can include an asterisk as a wild card character, which will match zero or more characters in a track name. For example, student* excludes student as well as studentTeam. This parameter can also be empty.

resolution
オプション
post 文字列 Not PII

A string that describes the columns (width) and rows (height) of the generated composed video in pixels. Defaults to 640x480. The string's format is {width}x{height} where:

  • 16 <= {width} <= 1280
  • 16 <= {height} <= 1280
  • {width} * {height} <= 921,600

Typical values are:

  • HD = 1280x720
  • PAL = 1024x576
  • VGA = 640x480
  • CIF = 320x240

Note that the resolution imposes an aspect ratio to the resulting composition. When the original video tracks are constrained by the aspect ratio, they are scaled to fit. See Specifying Video Layouts for more info.

format
オプション
post enum:format Not PII

The container format of the composition's media files. Can be: mp4 or webm and the default is webm. If you specify mp4 or webm, you must also specify one or more audio_sources and/or a video_layout element that contains a valid video_sources list, otherwise an error occurs.

statusCallback
オプション
post url Not PII

The URL we should call using the status_callback_method to send status information to your application on every composition event. If not provided, status callback events will not be dispatched.

statusCallbackMethod
オプション
post http_method Not PII

The HTTP method we should use to call status_callback. Can be: POST or GET and the default is POST.

trim
オプション
post boolean Not PII

Whether to clip the intervals where there is no active media in the composition. The default is true. Compositions with trim enabled are shorter when the Room is created and no Participant joins for a while as well as if all the Participants leave the room and join later, because those gaps will be removed. See Specifying Video Layouts for more info.

Specifying Video Layouts

Video layouts are organized in terms of regions. A region is a rectangular area where a set of video sources are displayed following the region placement rules. The VideoLayout of a Composition must contain at least one region but it may contain many. Regions are independent meaning that the way placement works in a region does not affect placement in other regions.

A Composition's VideoLayout is specified as a JSON dictionary of regions following this scheme:

VideoLayout = {
                "a-region-name": {
                    region properties
                },

                "other-region-name": {
                  other region properties
                }

                ...
              }

The region properties define the size and position of the region, the video sources to include in the region and the placement rules. Regions support the following properties (recall that a “Yes” in the column “Default value/mandatory” indicates a mandatory property)

パラメーター Default value / mandatory 概要
x_pos 0 X axis value (in pixels) of the region's upper left corner relative to the upper left corner of the Composition viewport. Regions cannot overflow the Composition's area, so x_pos has to be a positive integer less than or equal to the difference between the Composition's width and the width of the region. If the region’s width is missing from the request, it defaults to 16 pixels for this validation.
y_pos 0 Y axis value (in pixels) of the region's upper left corner relative to the upper left corner of the Composition viewport. Regions cannot overflow the composition's area, so y_pos has to be a positive integer less than or equal to the difference between the Composition's height and the height of this region. If the region’s height is missing from the request, it defaults to 16 pixels for this validation.
z_pos 0 Z position controlling the region's visibility in case of overlaps. Regions with higher values are stacked on top of regions with lower value for visibility purposes. z_pos must be in the range [-99, 99].
width Composition's width - x_pos Region's Width. It must be in the range [16, Composition's width - x_pos]. This constraint guarantees that the region fits into the Composition's viewport.
height Composition's height - y_pos Region's Height. It must be in the range [16, Composition's height - y_pos]. This constraint guarantees that the region fits into the Composition's viewport.
max_columns -- Maximum number of columns of the region's placement grid. By default, the region has as many columns as needed to layout all the specified video sources. max_columns must be in the range [1, 1000].
max_rows -- Maximum number of rows of the region's placement grid. By default, the region has as many rows as needed to layout all the specified video sources. max_rows must be in the range [1, 1000].
cells_excluded -- A list of cell indices on the regions layout grid where no video sources can be assigned. Index of first cell (upper left) is 0. Indices grow from left to right and from top to bottom. These values must be in the range [0, 999999].
reuse show_oldest Defines how the region's grid cells are reused for placement purposes. Possible values are:
  • none: used cells are never reused.
  • show_oldest: a cell can only be reused when the video source it contains ends.
  • show_newest: a cell can be reused even if the video source it contains has not ended.
video_sources はい The array of video sources that should be placed in this region. All the specified sources must belong to the same Room. It can include:
  • Zero or more RecordingTrackSid
  • Zero or more MediaTrackSid
  • Zero or more ParticipantSid
  • Zero or more Track names. These can be specified using wildcards (e.g. student*). The use of [*] has semantics "all if any" meaning zero or more (i.e. all) depending on whether the target room had video tracks.
video_sources_excluded -- An array of video sources to exclude from this region. This region will attempt to display all sources specified in video_sources except for the ones specified in video_sources_excluded. This parameter may include:
  • Zero or more RecordingTrackSid
  • Zero or more MediaTrackSid
  • Zero or more ParticipantSid
  • Zero or more Track names. These can be specified using wildcards (e.g. student*).

The use of a VideoLayout not compliant with this specification shall cause the corresponding POST request to be answered with a 4xx code.

Region Positioning and Size

The following figure illustrates how regions are positioned:

Region Positioning and Size

You may find useful to remember these rules:

  • The Composition's width and height are defined through the Resolution parameter.
  • Regions are positioned relative to the Composition top-left corner using x_pos and y_pos.
  • Region dimensions are defined through the width and height properties.
  • Regions must fit inside their Composition. This makes the following mandatory:
  • x_pos + width must not be over the Composition's width.
  • y_pos + height must not be over the Composition's height.
  • In case width or heightare not specified, by default the region shall occupy all the available remaining space on the Composition's viewport.
  • When multiple regions overlap, their visibility depend on the z_pos property. Regions with higher z_pos will be visible on top of regions with lower z_pos.
The Region as a Grid

The placement of video_sources in a region takes place through a grid (i.e. matrix) where every cell is a container where one (and only one) video source may be displayed at a time. Region grids are static meaning that their number of rows and columns do not change during the Composition duration. The specific number of rows and columns depends on the region's max_columns and max_rows properties. There are three different situations:

The Region as a Grid

Unconstrained Grid

In this case, neither max_columns nor max_rows are specified in the VideoLayout. Twilio computes for you the grid dimensions to guarantee that all the provided video_sources are displayed. Due to this, the cells in the grid will be at least equal to the maximum number of simultaneous video sources in the Composition (video sources are considered to be simultaneous at a given time when their media is active at that time). For this, we try to keep the grid as square as possible making it to grow first in columns and then in rows so that their difference is never over 1. The following table illustrates this:

Maximum simultaneous video sources Region's grid dimensions (rows x columns)
1 1x1
2 1x2
3 2x2
4 2x2
5 2x3
6 2x3
7 3x3
9 3x3
10 3x4
12 3x4
17 4x5
20 4x5

Unconstrained Dimension

In this case, only one of max_columns or max_rows is specified. The grid dimensions are computed following the "Unconstrained Grid" algorithm (i.e. trying to keep the grid as square as possible) but without exceeding the specified maximum constraint. After that, the unconstrained dimension grows in order to guarantee that all the specified video sources are displayed. The following examples illustrate this:

Maximum simultaneous video sources max_rows max_columns Region's grid dimensions (rows x columns)
1 1 -- 1x1
1 -- 1 1x1
2 1 -- 1x2
2 -- 1 2x1
3 1 -- 1x3
3 -- 1 3x1
4 2 -- 2x2
4 -- 2 2x2
5 2 -- 2x3
5 -- 2 3x2
6 2 -- 2x3
6 -- 2 3x2
7 2 -- 2x4
7 -- 2 4x2
9 2 -- 2x5
9 -- 2 5x2
12 2 -- 2x6
12 -- 2 6x2

Constrained Grid In this case, both max_columns and max_rows are specified. The grid dimensions are computed following the above specified algorithms but keeping both dimensions under their limits. Due to this, the maximum number of cells is max_columns * max_rows. If the number of simultaneous video sources exceeds that value, then some video sources shall not be displayed. The following example illustrates the effect.

Maximum simultaneous video sources max_rows max_columns Region's grid dimensions (rows x columns)
1 1 1 1x1
1 1 2 1x1
1 2 2 1x1
2 1 1 1x1 (1 source not displayed)
2 1 2 1x2
2 2 2 1x2
3 1 1 1x1 (2 sources not displayed)
3 1 2 1x2 (1 source not displayed)
3 2 2 2x2
4 1 1 1x1 (3 sources not displayed)
4 1 2 1x2 (2 sources not displayed)
4 2 2 2x2
5 1 1 1x1 (4 sources not displayed)
5 1 2 1x2 (2 sources not displayed)
5 2 2 2x2 (1 source not displayed)
9 1 7 1x7 (2 sources not displayed)
9 2 7 2x5
9 3 7 3x3
Displaying Video Sources

Video sources are displayed in region grid cells. Cells size and aspect ratio is controlled by:

  • The region pixel dimensions, as defined by the width and height parameters.
  • The region grid dimensions (i.e. number of rows and columns), as introduced in the section above.

Hence, cells would have approximately (rounding effects not considered):

  • Width equal to the region's width divided by the number of columns.
  • Heigh equal to the region's height divided by the number of rows.

The display of the original video track sources in cells is performed using "object-fit contain" CSS semantics. This means that the original video is rescaled as necessary to fit into the target aspect ratio and that the remaining areas of the cell are filled in black. The following images illustrate how this happens

Displaying Video Sources in Cells

Understanding Reuse

Video sources are assigned to cells from left-to-right and from top-to-bottom in the region grid. However, this assignment depends on the value of the reuse property. For understanding how reuse works, we need some definitions:

  • We say a cell is fresh at a given time when it has not displayed any video source up to that time.
  • We say a cell is used at a given time when it is displaying a video source at that time.
  • We say a cell is idle at a given time when it has been used previously but its video source media has ended at that time.

Based on this, the possible values for reuse are the following:

  • none: in this case, used cells are never reused again and stay idle until the composition ends. Newer video sources are assigned only to fresh cells following the left-to-right top-to-bottom order. In constrained grids, we may run out of fresh cells. In that case, no further video sources are displayed.
  • show_oldest: in this case idle cells can be reused. Hence, newer video sources are assigned to both idle or fresh cells in left-to-right top-to-bottom order. In constrained grids, when running out of fresh cells, newer video sources will be displayed only as idle cells become available. In such constrained situation, this model gives display priority to older video sources (i.e. to the video sources starting first), which justifies its show_oldest name.
  • show_newest: when this value is specified, video sources are displayed first in idle and fresh cells in the left-to-right top-to-bottom order. In constrained grids it may happen that we run out of both fresh and idle cells. In that case, used cells are reused so that newer video sources are displayed on top of older video sources. When there are several available used cells, the one whose media ends first is selected. As it can be understood, this model gives display priority to newer video sources (i.e. to video sources starting later), which justifies its show_newest name.

The difference between the different reuse modes can be visually appreciated in the following figure:

Graphical examples using Reuse

As it can be observed, in this figure we assume a Room with 5 video tracks. These are numbered from 0 to 4. The Room timeline shows the time intervals (relative to the Room starting time) when such tracks are in published state. Below it, we show a number of compositions subject to the following constraints:

  • 1x1 Region Composition: in this case, the Composition has a single region where max_rows=1 and max_columns=1. When reuse=none the first track (i.e. the one identified as 0) takes the single fresh cell of the region for display. In the gaps where this track is unpublished, the cell is never reused and the Composition stays black (in case Trim=false) or terminates (in case Trim=true). If reuse=show_newest newer tracks have higher priority than older tracks. Due to this, track 1 is stacked on top of track 0 and displayed while it is active. Later, tracks 2, 3 and 4 take the single region cell as soon as their media is activated. In the case where reuse=show_oldest, the first track occupying the single region cell keeps it until it ends. After that, newer tracks can take it (observe how the end of track 2 allows track 3 to be displayed and how the end of track 3 does the same with track 4.)

  • 1x2 Region Composition: now the Composition has a single region with two cells (max_rows=1 and max_columns=2). Due to this, tracks 0 and 1 can be displayed simultaneously. For tracks 2, 3 and 4 their display is controlled by the reuse model. When reuse=none, tracks 0 and 1 take the two fresh cells. After that, no further tracks can reuse such cells and the Composition stays black (in case Trim=false) or terminates (in case Trim=true). If reuse=show_newest 2 and 3 can reuse the idle cells, but when 4 arrives it reuses the used cell with track ending first (in this case 2). When reuse=show_oldest 2 and 3 have priority and hence 4 needs to wait until an idle cell is made available, which takes place when 2 ends.

  • Unconstrained Region Composition: in this case, the Composition has a single cell where neither max_rows nor max_columns have been specified. Hence, the region grid dimensions are automatically calculated to fit all the specified video sources. When reuse=none, we need 5 cells given that video sources can only occupy fresh cells. Due to this, the system uses a 2x3 grid. When reuse=show_newest or reuse=show_oldest the required grid needs to have only 3 cells given that the maximum number of simultaneous tracks is 3 (i.e. what happens during the interval in which 2, 3 and 4 are published). Hence, the system computes a 2x2 grid. Observe that when using unconstrained grids, both show_newest and show_oldest generate the same video placement for the region. This is due to the fact that in an unconstrained grid it is guaranteed that the number of video sources never exceeds the number of cells in the grid. Hence, no used cells need ever to be reused.

Understanding Trim

The Trim Composition parameter controls what happens to the composition when there is no active media. That is, during the gaps in which neither audio tracks no video tracks are published. We define two types of such gaps:

  • Initial gap: Compositions have an initial gap when at the beginning of the Room there is no active media. The initial gap ends when the first recording included in the composition starts. The initial gap is always trimmed in Compositions.
  • Later gap: for any other gap not being an initial gap.

Later gaps are trimmed depending on the value of the trim parameter.

  • trim=false: The Composition keeps all the later gaps as black video with silent audio. Hence, these idle intervals with no media may appear at the end or in the middle of the Composition.
  • trim=true (default): the Composition clips all gaps where there is no media published. Note that when an audio track is active in the composition during an interval it shall not be clipped even if there are no active video tracks on it.

The following figure illustrates how trimmed Compositions behave in the scenarios introduced in the section above.

Composing different layouts in a room (trim=true)

HTTP GET

Retrieves the list Composition Instance Records belonging to the specified AccountSid with paging data.

Supported GET Parameters

The following GET query string parameters allow you to limit the list returned. Note, parameters are case-sensitive.

Names in PHP format
status
オプション
GET enum:status Not PII

Read only Composition resources with this status. Can be: enqueued, processing, completed, deleted, or failed.

dateCreatedAfter
オプション
GET date_time<iso8601> Not PII

Read only Composition resources created on or after this ISO 8601 date-time with time zone.

dateCreatedBefore
オプション
GET date_time<iso8601> Not PII

Read only Composition resources created before this ISO 8601 date-time with time zone.

roomSid
オプション
GET sid<RM> Not PII

Read only Composition resources with this Room SID.

Note: deleted Compositions are not returned by default. For retrieving the deleted Compositions list you must explicitly specify Status=deleted.

サンプル

Creating Transcoding Compositions

Example: Transcode a Video Recording

In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where a video Track with MediaTrackSid=MTXXXX is published and recorded with RecordingTrackSid=RTXXXX. We want then to generate a Composition containing such video Track but transcoded to the H.264/mp4 format. Considering that:

  • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
  • You want to use the default resolution (VGA = 640x480)

You can create the desired Composition using the following:

        
        
        
        

        Example: Transcode an Audio Recording

        In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where an audio Track with MediaTrackSid=MTXXXX is publishes and recorded with RecordingTrackSid=RTXXXX. We want then to generate a Composition containing such audio Track but transcoded to the AAC/mp4 format. Considering that:

        • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)

        You can create the desired Composition using the following:

              
              
              
              

              Remark that, in spite of this being an only-audio composition, it shows default video settings in the corresponding response parameters.

              Creating Compositions with Simple Layouts

              Example: Compose one Participant Media

              In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where a Participant with ParticipantSid=PAXXXX publishes both audio and video tracks to the Room. In this Room there may be other Participants publishing audio and video without affecting this example's result. We want to generate a Composition showing the Participant's video Track and having as audio the one of that Participant. Considering that:

              • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
              • You want to use mp4 as target format
              • You want to use the default resolution (VGA = 640x480)

              You can create the desired Composition using the following:

                    
                    
                    
                    

                    Example: Compose One Participant Video with all Room Audios

                    In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where a Participant with ParticipantSid=PAXXXX publishes both audio and video Tracks. In that Room others participant publish also their audio and video Tracks. We want generate a Composition showing PAXXXX video but having as audio the complete set of Room audio Tracks mixed. Considering that:

                    • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
                    • You want to use mp4 as target format
                    • You want to use the default resolution (VGA = 640x480)

                    You can create the desired Composition using the following:

                          
                          
                          
                          

                          Example: Compose the Complete Room in a Grid

                          In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where multiple Participants publish both audio and video Tracks. We want generate a Composition showing all the room videos in a grid, as shown in the figure below, and with all audio tracks mixed.

                          Grid Room Composition Layout

                          Considering that:

                          • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
                          • You want to use mp4 as target format
                          • You want to use VGA resolution (640x480)
                          • You want an unconstrained grid composition with the default cell reuse strategy (show_oldest).

                          You can create the desired Composition using the following:

                                
                                
                                
                                

                                Example: Compose a Specific Set of Track Recordings in a Grid

                                In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where different Participants publish their audio and video Tracks. Imagine that we have special interest in some of these tracks that we identify in the following way:

                                • RTAAAA: the RecordingTrackSid of of video Track.
                                • MTBBBB: the MediaTrackSid of a video Track.
                                • teacher-webcast: the Track name of a video track.

                                We want to generate a composition showing the three video Tracks in a single row and with no audio, as shown in the figure below.

                                Three Tracks Composition Layout

                                Considering that:

                                • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
                                • You want to use mp4 as target format
                                • You want to use the default resolution (VGA = 640x480)

                                You can create the desired Composition using the following:

                                      
                                      
                                      
                                      

                                      Compose a Specific Set of Track Recordings as a Sequence

                                      In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where a teacher presents lessons to their students. These lessons consist on talks and screensharing presentations that occur in sequence. These may overlap or have idle intervals where no media is published. The Track names of the published media comply with the following pattern:

                                      • For video: teacher-video-sess-1, teacher-video-sess-2, etc.
                                      • For audio: teacher-audio-sess-1, teacher-audio-sess-2, etc.

                                      In this context, we want to create a Compositions showing only one video source at a time. That one must match with the video track published later by the teacher at any time. We want the teacher's audio to be included in the Composition. We don't want the Composition to contain the idle intervals where the teacher is not publishing media. In this context, considering that:

                                      • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
                                      • You want to use mp4 as target format
                                      • You want to use the default resolution (VGA = 640x480)

                                      You can create the desired Composition using the following:

                                            
                                            
                                            
                                            

                                            Creating Compositions with Complex Layouts

                                            Example: Creating a PiP (Picture-in-Picture) Composition

                                            In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where an expert presents a topic with two audio Tracks, one from his microphone with MediaTrackSid=MTAAAA and another one acting as background soundtrack with Track name =soundtrack, a webcam video track with MediaTrackSid=MTBBBB and a screensharing video Track with Track name screen-presentation.

                                            In this context, we want to create a PiP Composition including the above mentioned audio Tracks and showing:

                                            • The video track screen-presentation occupying the complete Composition background.
                                            • The video track MTBBBB in a small box located at the top-left corner of the Composition overlayed on top of screen-presentation as shown on the figure below.

                                            PiP Composition Layout

                                            Assuming that:

                                            • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
                                            • You want to use mp4 as target format
                                            • You want to use HD resolution (1280x720)

                                            You can create the desired Composition using the following:

                                                  
                                                  
                                                  
                                                  

                                                  Example: Composing a a Room with Natural Layouts

                                                  In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where a lecture is taking place. The Participants are the following:

                                                  • A teacher publishes the following Tracks:
                                                  • A webcam video Track with name teacher-webcam-video.
                                                  • An screensharing video Track with name teacher-screen-video.
                                                  • An audio Track with name teacher-audio.
                                                  • A variable number of students publishing each the following (i varies from student to student):
                                                  • A webcam video track with name student-i-video
                                                  • An audio Track with name student-i-audio

                                                  In this context, imagine that we want to create the following Composition:

                                                  • Track teacher-screen-video must be shown as Composition background occupying its complete viewport. A track with such disposition is sometimes called "main".
                                                  • The rest of video tracks should be shown in a row at the bottom of the Composition, as shown in the figure below.
                                                  • All the audio tracks of the Room should be mixed for the Composition.

                                                  Focus + Row Composition Layout

                                                  Assuming that:

                                                  • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
                                                  • You want to use mp4 as target format
                                                  • You want to use HD resolution (1280x720)

                                                  You can create the desired Composition using the following:

                                                        
                                                        
                                                        
                                                        

                                                        Imagine now that you want the Composition to have a slightly different layout:

                                                        • Track teacher-screen-video must be shown as Composition background occupying its complete viewport.
                                                        • Track teacher-webcam-video must be shown as a small window in the top-right corner of the Composition.
                                                        • The rest of video tracks should be shown in a column on the left with no more than 5 rows as shown on the figure below.
                                                        • All the audio tracks of the Room should be mixed for the Composition.

                                                        PiP + Column Composition Layout

                                                        In this case, the required code would be the following:

                                                              
                                                              
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Example: Composing a Room with Mosaic Layout

                                                              In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where an interview is taking place through the following tracks:

                                                              • The interviewed publishes the following:
                                                              • A video Track named interviewed-video.
                                                              • An audio Track named interviewed-audio.
                                                              • A number of interviewers publishing each:
                                                              • A video Track named interviewer-i-video.
                                                              • An audio Track named interviewed-i-audio.
                                                              • An advisor, who can only be listened by the interviewed, publishes:
                                                              • An audio Track named advisor-audio.

                                                              We want to create the following Composition:

                                                              • Track interviewed-video must be shown centered in the middle of the composition.
                                                              • The rest of video tracks should be shown around that one, as the figure indicates.
                                                              • All the audio tracks of the Room should be mixed for the Composition except for advisor-audio that should not be included.

                                                              Mosaic Composition Layout

                                                              Assuming that:

                                                              • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
                                                              • You want to use mp4 as target format
                                                              • You want to use HD resolution (1280x720)

                                                              You can create the desired Composition using the following:

                                                                    
                                                                    
                                                                    
                                                                    

                                                                    Example: Creating a Chess-Table Layout Composition

                                                                    In this example we assume a Room with RoomSid=RMXXXX where a number of participants publish their audio and video tracks. For fun, we want to create the layout depicted on the following figure.

                                                                    Chess-Table Composition Layout

                                                                    Assuming that:

                                                                    • Your application credentials are (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
                                                                    • You want to use mp4 as target format
                                                                    • You want to use HD resolution (1280x720)

                                                                    You can create the desired Composition using the following:

                                                                          
                                                                          
                                                                          
                                                                          

                                                                          Getting compositions

                                                                          Example: Get a Composition Instance Resource

                                                                          For executing this example you need:

                                                                          • Your application credentials (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)
                                                                          • The CompositionSid (CJXXXX)
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                

                                                                                Example: List a Page of Completed Compositions

                                                                                For executing this example you need:

                                                                                • Your application credentials (SKXXXX:your_api_key_secret)