In this guide we’ll cover how to secure your Django application by validating incoming requests to your Twilio webhooks are, in fact, from Twilio.
With a few lines of code we’ll write a custom decorator for our Django project that uses the Twilio Python SDK’s validator utility. We can then use that decorator on our Django views which accept Twilio webhooks to confirm that incoming requests genuinely originated from Twilio.
Let’s get started!
The Twilio Python SDK includes a
RequestValidator class we can use to validate incoming requests.
We could include our request validation code as part of our Django views, but this is a perfect opportunity to write a Python decorator. This way we can reuse our validation logic across all our views which accept incoming requests from Twilio.
To validate an incoming request genuinely originated from Twilio, we first need to create an instance of the
RequestValidator class using our Twilio auth token. After that we call its
validate method, passing in the request’s URL, payload, and the value of the request's
That method will return True if the request is valid or False if it isn’t. Our decorator then either continues processing the view or returns a 403 HTTP response for inauthentic requests.
Now we’re ready to apply our decorator to any view in our Django project that handles incoming requests from Twilio.
To use the decorator with an existing view, just put
@validate_twilio_request above the view’s definition. In this sample application we use our decorator with two views: one that handles incoming phone calls and another that handles incoming text messages.
Note: If your Twilio webhook URLs start with
https:// instead of
http://, your request validator may fail locally when you use Ngrok or in production if your stack terminates SSL connections upstream from your app. This is because the request URL that your Django application sees does not match the URL Twilio used to reach your application.
To fix this for local development with Ngrok, use
http:// for your webook instead of
https://. To fix this in your production app, your decorator will need to reconstruct the request's original URL using request headers like
X-Forwarded-Proto, if available.
If you write tests for your Django views those tests may fail for views where you use your Twilio request validation decorator. Any requests your test suite sends to those views will fail the decorator’s validation check.
To fix this problem we recommend adding an extra check in your decorator, like so, telling it to only reject incoming requests if your app is running in production.
Validating requests to your Twilio webhooks is a great first step for securing your Twilio application. We recommend reading over our full security documentation for more advice on protecting your app, and the Anti-Fraud Developer’s Guide in particular.
To learn more about securing your Django application in general, check out the official Django security docs.
誰しもが一度は考える「コーディングって難しい」。そんな時は、お問い合わせフォームから質問してください。 または、Stack Overflow でTwilioタグのついた情報から欲しいものを探してみましょう。