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サーフィンするくらい簡単にエンドユーザーが連絡を取れるようにしたいですって? 今日はあなたのラッキーデーです!

Let's go over the steps necessary to implement click-to-call in a Java and Spring application.

クリック トゥー コール

  1. Webサイトの訪問者は電話番号をWebフォームに送信する。
  2. Webアプリケーションは送信を受け取り、TwilioへのHTTPリクエストを開始して、Twilioに通話の発信を始めるよう指示する。
  3. Twilioはリクエストを受け取り、ユーザーの電話に発信を開始する。
  4. ユーザーが電話に出る。
  5. After the call connects, we provide TwiML instructions to connect the user to our sales or support teams.

What you will learn

This tutorial demonstrates how to initialize a call using the Twilio REST API and how to create a call using the TwiML Say verb.

さぁ、はじめましょう! 下のボタンをクリックして、チュートリアルの次の手順に移動してください。

Set up your environment

Before we create our click-to-call application, we need to set up our environment first.

Let's put our Twilio credentials in a place where our application can access them. We'll store them as environment variables that our application can read.

# Twilio API credentials

# Twilio phone number
export TWILIO_NUMBER=+15552737123

Replace the Account_SID, Auth_Token, and Twilio_Number placeholder values with your unique values, which you can find in the Twilio Console. You can use an existing Twilio phone number or obtain a new number.

Twilio Console Credentials Location




        For our solution, we'll need a form where the user can enter a phone number.

        No need to overthink this step as the real goal is to POST the user's phone number to your controller.

        What information does this form need?

        • An input for the User's phone number
        • An input for the sales team phone number
        • 送信ボタン



              Since the page doesn't need to render new content after clicking on submit, we decided to implement the POST action via AJAX using jQuery. Let's take a look at that code next.


              クリックトゥーコール機能をよりシームレスにするために、Ajax を使用して非同期的にフォームを送信するようにしました。


              • ユーザーがフォーム要素を送信するのを待つ
              • フォームデータをコントローラーに送信する
              • 送信の成否についてユーザーに知らせる

              これは jQuery の $.ajax() メソッドの一般的な実装です。通話の接続時にレスポンスメッセージを返していることに注意してください。


                    Ajax でフォームを送信する


                    これでフロントエンドが出来上がったので、データの受信されるバックエンドを構築しましょう。 次のステップでその説明を始めます。

                    Instantiate a client object

                    First, we instantiate a twilioRestClient object with our Account SID and Auth Token. This is essentially our Java REST API handler, which we could use to send SMSes (or a myriad of other things).

                    この例ではSpring Beanとしてこれを定義します。 こうすることで後々、フレームワークの依存関係注入機能を使用できるようになります。




                          Next, we'll look at making a phone call.


                          We'll use the CallCreator object to make an outgoing phone call which requires us to pass a From number, a To number and the URL parameter that tells Twilio what to do after it connects the call to our user. In this case, Twilio needs to DIAL the Agent once the call has been placed. We'll discuss this more in future steps.





                                The Connect endpoint

                                Twilio makes a request to our application when the call is created using the REST API. We'll need to create an endpoint that is publicly available for internet requests: we'll walk through a way to make your localhost accessible via ngrok a little later in this tutorial.


                                      Call Connectコントローラー


                                      A publicly exposed URL has some drawbacks. Next, we'll look at making sure we don't leak any sensitive data.


                                      Twilio makes a request to our application when the call is created using the REST API. That means we've got an endpoint that is publicly available for internet requests.

                                      Since TwiML sometimes contains sensitive information such as phone numbers, we don't want just anybody accessing the TwiML.

                                      Twilio リクエストバリデーター

                                      With that in mind, let's first check if the request originated from Twilio before we return any TwiML. The validate method provides a mechanism to confirm that the request your application is receiving is coming from Twilio. We'll use an instance of RequestValidator and call the validate method using the required parameters.


                                            Twilio リクエストバリデーター


                                            Now that we know a request originates from Twilio let's move on and look at the TwiML response we'll send.


                                            TwiML is a set of verbs and nouns written in XML that Twilio reads as instructions.

                                            In this case, our instructions inform Twilio to SAY something to the user and then DIAL the support agent's number so the customer can talk to him or her.

                                            To make writing TwiML easier, the helper libraries have methods that generate TwiML for you. We use twilio-java to create a TwiML response that will instruct Twilio to SAY something.




                                                  And with that, you've helped us get a working click-to-call form, ready to be integrated into your application.

                                                  Testing your app locally

                                                  Now you can run and test your Twilio app.

                                                  However, you probably want to test it using a publicly available endpoint without having to go "public" with your app. The best option is to use ngrok.

                                                  Note: For more information about running the application, see the readme file in the app github repository.

                                                  About ngrok

                                                  ngrok generates a secure URL that forwards traffic to a port, usually 5000, on your localhost server. It allows you to run applications locally but make them a publicly available endpoint via secure tunneling. This allows you to test your application and do all the things you want your app to do but in a safe public space.

                                                  ngrok is an executable (ngrok.exe) that you run on the command line or terminal.

                                                  Setting Up ngrok

                                                  Head over to ngrok's website, download the ngrok.zip file for your OS of choice, then unzip the file into an easily accessible location.

                                                  For example, on Windows, you can place it in your \Users directory in \AppData\Roaming\<ngrok-directory-name>\ngrok.exe. Then, update your PATH environment variables to the location of the ngrok executable. On Linux or OSX follow the installation instructions on the ngrok site.

                                                  And that's it.

                                                  Accessing your app from an endpoint using ngrok

                                                  Before you start ngrok, it might be a good idea to have your Twilio Console open.

                                                  For Mac and Linux, open a terminal and run this command to start ngrok:

                                                  $ ./ngrok http 4040

                                                  On Windows, open a command prompt and run this command to start ngrok:

                                                  $ Path-to-ngrok> ngrok http 4040

                                                  Alternately, you can start ngrok using the following command:

                                                  $ ngrok http 4040 -host-header="localhost:4040"

                                                  The port number "4040" is arbitrary. If your local server is running on another port, replace "4040" in the command with the appropriate port number.

                                                  This will start ngrok. A running instance of ngrok will appear in the terminal showing the local web interface (in this case and the public URL (in this case, https://28dd499b.ngrok.io).


                                                  The forwarding public URL needs to be set in the Twilio Console. In the Console, select the active phone number you set in the environment configuration file and enter the public URL from ngrok (shown above) in the "A Call Comes In" field under Voice & Fax. Be sure to select Webhook from the dropdown list.

                                                  Each time you restart ngrok a new public URL will be generated. You will need to update this URL in the Console any time you restart ngrok.

                                                  Twilio Console Webhook Setting

                                                  You now have a publicly available endpoint for your app. Now you can take a look at your running app and enter the phone numbers using your ngrok address: https://xxxxxx.ngrok.io




                                                  Thanks for checking this tutorial out! Tweet to us @twilio and let us know what you're building!

                                                  Kevin Whinnery Agustin Camino Andrew Baker Paul Kamp Kat King Glenn Lea
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                                                  誰しもが一度は考える「コーディングって難しい」。そんな時は、お問い合わせフォームから質問してください。 または、Stack Overflow でTwilioタグのついた情報から欲しいものを探してみましょう。