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PythonおよびDjangoを使用したSMSおよびMMS(日本未対応)通知

Wish your server would alert you automatically if something goes wrong? Well, this application has got your number - we're going to look at how to use Twilio to send server pages from Python and Django.

Get started by cloning our sample application from here. Next, head to the application's README.md to see how to run the application locally.

EMCがいかにしてTwilio SMSを使用して68,000人の従業員にITアラートを送信しているか見てみましょう

さぁ、はじめましょう! 下のボタンをクリックして、チュートリアルの次の手順に移動してください。

Make My Server Send Texts

Listing Our Server Administrators

Surely you've got a list of people who should be alerted if something goes wrong. Create that list, as shown in the example JSON in this code snippet.

The only essential piece of data you'll need is a phone_number for each administrator.

        
        
        
        
        config/administrators.json

        JSONの管理者一覧

        config/administrators.json

        Excellent work. List in hand, let's configure a Twilio REST Client to send notifications if (well, when...) something goes wrong.

        Twilioクライアントを構成する

        To send a message we'll need to create a Twilio REST client. It will require reading a TWILIO_NUMBER plus our TWILIO_ACCOUNT_SID and TWILIO_AUTH_TOKEN from environment variables.

        The values for your Account SID and Auth Token will come from the Twilio console:

        コンソール内のTwilioアカウントサマリーセクション

        Click the eyeball icon to expose your Auth Token in an easy copy/pastable form.

        Phone numbers will be in the hash ('#') phone number pane. You will have to use a purchased number for the TWILIO_NUMBER variable.

        Setting the environment variables is platform dependent. The link above will explain how to set variables in Windows, Mac OSX, and *NIX (but may vary depending on your choice of shell). If you are using a Platform as a Service (PaaS) solution such as Heroku, you may set them from the console. Check your platform's documentation if you need help.

              
              
              
              
              twilio_notifications/middleware.py

              Load Twilio configuration from environmental variables

              twilio_notifications/middleware.py

              Now that we have what we need for our Twilio REST Client, let's look at how to handle exceptions.

              Except the Unexcepted

              Notifying Based on Exceptions in the Application

              We will implement error handling and message delivery as a piece of Django middleware, and make all the Twilio API calls from there.

              Note that it's important to return None so default Django exception handling can run.

                    
                    
                    
                    
                    twilio_notifications/middleware.py

                    With exceptions now wired to notify the folks who can help, let's zoom in on each step of sending these alert messages.

                    Sound (Text) the Alarm!

                    Creating a Custom SMS or MMS Alert Message

                    Here we demonstrate crafting the perfect alert message for an exception. (You know, either that or a terse message with some boilerplate exception text.)

                    You might also decide to include a picture with your alert message... maybe a screenshot of the crashing application or some variation of an 'Everything is Fine!' meme?

                          
                          
                          
                          
                          twilio_notifications/middleware.py

                          Zooming in on exception processing

                          twilio_notifications/middleware.py

                          Your alert message is going to go over well, we can already tell. Next, let's look at the steps to follow to send it out to the whole list of administrators.

                          Send Those Messages Out

                          Triggering Notifications for Administrators

                          Next, we send alert messages to each administrator with the send_message method that was defined in the MessageClient class.

                                
                                
                                
                                
                                twilio_notifications/middleware.py

                                Loop through the Administrator list

                                twilio_notifications/middleware.py

                                Now, let's see how we send the messages themselves.

                                テキストメッセージの送信

                                There are three parameters needed to send an SMS using the Twilio REST API: from_, to, and body.

                                US and Canadian phone numbers can also send an image with the message as an MMS (uncomment media_url). The rest of the world will have image links with automatically shortened links.

                                      
                                      
                                      
                                      
                                      twilio_notifications/middleware.py

                                      The MessageClient class

                                      twilio_notifications/middleware.py

                                      一丁上がり!

                                      We've just implemented an automated server notification system that automatically alerts the server administrators when something goes awry.

                                      This Was Simple with Twilio - Where to Next?

                                      次はどこでしょうか?

                                      Like Python? Twilio does too! Here are some other tutorials that might pique your interest:

                                      通話のトラッキング

                                      Call Tracking helps you easily measure the effectiveness of different marketing campaigns. By assigning a unique phone number to different advertisements you're got running, you can track which ones have the best call rates (and get some data about the callers, to boot).

                                      アポイントメント リマインダー

                                      ビジネスにおいて、アポのすっぽかしを減らしたいと思いませんか? アポイントメインとリマインダーで、事前に顧客に連絡するプロセスを自動化できます。

                                      これは役に立ちましたか?

                                      Thanks for checking out this tutorial! Tweet us @twilio to let us know how you did... and let us know what you're building next!

                                      Kevin Whinnery Jose Oliveros Agustin Camino David Prothero Samuel Mendes Paul Kamp Andrew Baker Kat King
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